Bioplastic Resin Bioplastic Resin

What is Bioplastics?

Bioplastics are plastics derived from agricultural raw materials (Biobased) or petroleum (Petrobased). Bioplastics have a plastic-like quality. They can be melted and formed by general processes with general machines; only slight adjustments may be needed. For bioplastics made from agricultural raw materials, they are produced by a fermentation process that converts agricultural raw materials into monomers, which are then used to produce plastic pellets. Currently, the raw materials used in bioplastics production in Thailand are corn, sugarcane, and cassava.

What Are the Types of Bioplastics?</

What Are the Types of Bioplastics?
Type of Bioplastics

Type of Bioplastics

Bioplastics include a wide and growing category of biological material based polymers that have their own unique attributes and uses. With new inventions happening in the field, the list is continually expanding. Bioplastics are usually categorized into three main groups:

Biobased but Non-compostable Plastics – These include the bioplastics made out of bio polyesters. Polyethylene (PE), polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and certain polyamides (PA), and polyurethanes (PUR) are included in this category.

Biobased and Compostable Plastics – These include versions like polylactic acid (PLA), polyhydroxyalkanaoates (PHA), polybutylene succinate (PBS).

Petrobased but Compostable Plastics - These include PCL, PBAT, etc.

Difference between OXO / Biodegradable and Compostable

Difference between OXO / Biodegradable and Compostable

The Difference between Biodegradable, Compostable, and OXO Biodegradable Plastics

  1. Biodegradable plastics

    Biodegradable plastics are plastics that degrades in the environment from sunlight, oxygen, humidity and microbes without specific timeline. However there is no accepted standard provided. The compostable standard and its outcome are accepted internationally.

  2. Compostable plastics

    Compostable plastics are plastics that compost through a biodegradation process into carbon dioxide, water, organic compounds, and humus (soil nutrients) leaving no visible plastic and no toxic residue. The compostable plastic must have a compostable rate comparable to cellulose (ISO 17088) and be certified by international standards. Compostable plastics should be added to a compost pile or buried in soil together with organic waste.

  3. OXO-Biodegradable plastics

    OXO-biodegradable plastics are plastics that contain pro-degradant additives, such as metal salts, which accelerate their breakdown when exposed to sunlight, UV rays or heat, and remain in the environment. They are also sometimes referred to as Environmentally Degradable Plastic (EDP) instead of OXO-biodegradable.

What is the Bioplastics Standard?

Composability Labels
Composability Labels

The Seedling is a reliable label for compostability. The logo and the certificate number printed on the product assists in the purchasing and disposing of a product. The certification process is offered by Belgian certifier TUV Austria Belgium and German certifier DIN CERTCO.

Biobased Label
Biobased Label

There is currently no obligation for producers to disclose the exact amount of biobased materials in their products. Producers can, of course, provide this information to consumers on a voluntary basis, and thereby substantiate marketing claims and allow for an informed purchase decision by environmentally conscious consumers.

International Standards for Compostable

The aforementioned organizations specify the criteria for disintegration, biodegradability, and ecotoxicity. Plastics meeting the desired criteria are labeled as compostable.

So how does one identify compostable plastics? Well, all compostable plastics come with a symbol of the certifying international standard. Look for the label on your plastics before purchasing.

International Standards for Compostable
The Composition of Compostables The Composition of Compostables

The Composition of Compostables

How long does it take compostable plastic to decompose? The tests, under controlled conditions at 55-60°C, are in line with the ASTM D6400, EN 13432 and ISO 17088 standards. The PLA and PBS plastics biodegraded within six months into water, carbon dioxide and biomass, and no residues were left in the environment. However, when testing without standard controls, such as burying PLA and PBS plastics in the soil, or leaving it in a pile of compost, the biodegradation process can take from 6-24 months depending on the temperature and humidity as well as the size and thickness of the material.

What is
Compostable Mark?

Important Requirements in TIS 17088-2555 are as follows:

  1. Fragmentation during biological fermentation (Disintegration During Composting) determines that the biodegradable plastics were under controlled conditions for 84 days. The residue on the 2.0 mm. force shall not exceed 10% of the total dry solid mass initially.
  2. Ultimate aerobic biodegradation determines that organic carbon in plastics or additives and fillers, either, must be converted to recovered CO2 in at least 90% of the organic carbon within a period which is not more than 180 days.
  3. There must be no adverse effects on the ability of compost to support plant growth and comply with regional and/or national regulations, which are:
  1. Metals and toxins in plastics such as Zn, Cu, Ni, Cd, Pb, Hg, Cr, Mo, Se, As, F must not exceed the specified criteria.
  2. -Solid, recyclable plastic must not be less than 50% of the total dry solid mass.
  3. -Plant growth: The requirements of plant growth between plants cultivated with compost obtained from a fragmentation test of plastic fermentation and plants cultivated with compost obtained from a fragmentation test of non-plastic composting are as follows;
    1. The number of germinated seeds must not be less than 90%
    2. Mass and dried mass of plants must not be less than 90%

How are Compostables Tested?

How are Compostables Tested?

What is a BioBased Label?

  1. Biobased plastics are produced from renewable sources, but may not in all cases biodegrade or be compostable (e.g. Bio-PE, Bio-PET).
  2. Testing by Radiocarbon or carbon-14 is an isotope analysis according to EN 15440, ASTM D6866, CEN 16137, and ISO 13833 testing method.
What is a BioBased Label?
What is a BioBased Label?
What is a BioBased Label?

International Standards for BioBased


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ไบโอพลาสติกตามมาตรฐานสากล USDA 90%
ไบโอพลาสติกตามมาตรฐานสากล USDA 95%
ไบโอพลาสติกตามมาตรฐานสากล USDA 100%
Bioplastics Trends

Global production capacities of bioplastics in 2023 (by region)

Global production capacities of bioplastics in 2023 (by region)

Global production capacities of bioplastics in 2019 (by material type)

Global production capacities of bioplastics in 2019 (by material type)

Global Market Demand

Currently, bioplastic resin represents about one percent of the more than 359 million tons of plastic produced annually. But as demand is rising, the market for bioplastics is continuously growing with strong diversification. Global bioplastics production capacity is set to increase from around 2.11 million tons in 2019 to approximately 2.43 million tons by 2024.

Bioplastics alternatives exist for almost every conventional plastic material and corresponding application. As further bioplastics materials become commercially available, the production capacities will continue to diversify within the next 5 years.

Global Plastics Market

  1. Bioplastic market is expected to grow at 30% (CAGR 2013-2030)
  2. Traditional market is expected to grow at 3% annually
ส่วนแบ่งการตลาดของไบโอพลาสติกปี 2013
ส่วนแบ่งการตลาดของไบโอพลาสติกปี 2019
ส่วนแบ่งการตลาดของไบโอพลาสติกปี 2030

Application for Bioplastics


GC Bioplastics Product Portfolio

GC Bioplastics Product Portfolio

Introduction of PLA Ingeo by NatureWorks

PLA under trademark Ingeo is produced by Natureworks, a joint venture between
PTT Global Chemical Public Company Limited (GC) and Cargill Company Limited (USA)

Natureworks is the first world-scale biopolymers producer with 150,000 MTA capacity. The significant features of PLA are:

  1. 100% renewable source
  2. Transparent and shiny
  3. Rigid and brittle (PET, PS like)
  4. Suitable for rigid fresh food packaging
  5. 100% compostable in appropriate conditions
  6. Can be recycled

Sample application of PLA resin:

  1. Rigid and single-use packaging (thermoforming)
  2. 3D Printing
  3. Fiber and non-woven products such as diapers and wet tissue
  4. Film and packaging
  5. Bottle (Injection Stretch Blow Molding)

Introduction of BioPBS by PTTMCC

PBS under Trademark BioPBS is produced by PTT MCC Biochem Company Limited (PTTMCC). a joint venture between PTT Global Chemical Public Company Limited (GC) and Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation Company Limited.

BioPBS is produced by PTTMCC, the first and largest BioPBS plant which was commercialized in 2017 at 20,000 MTA capacity.

BioPBS has bio properties. It naturally decomposes into biomass, CO2 and H2O.

Outstanding properties of BioPBS resin:

  • 1. Containing renewable carbon
  • 2. Fully biodegradable even at ambient temperatures and compostable (EN13432)
  • 3. Compatible with end-of life both recycling (repulping operation) and is composting event in backyard
  • 4. Has processability similar to polyethylene (PE)
  • 5. High service temperature of 100°C

Sample application of BioPBS resin:

  • 1. Paper coating
  • 2. Mulching films
  • 3. Compostable bags
  • 4. PLA modifier
  • 5. Flexible packaging
  • 6. Cutlery
เม็ดไบโอพลาสติก BioPBS ผลิตโดย PTTMCC

Paper Coating as Key Applications

Paper Coating as Key Applications

Certification & Compliance

ไบโอพลาสติก BioPBS เหมาะกับการใช้งานตามมาตรฐานต่าง ๆ

BioPBS Cup is Biodegradable in soil within 4 months

BioPBS Cup is Biodegradable in soil within 4 months

Introduction of PlastMate Bio Compound by Solution Creation Company Limited

Bio compound under trademark PlastMate is a product developed by the company’s researchers of PTT Global Chemical Public Company Limited (GC) and distributed by Solution Creation Company Limited, a GC group company.

Bio compound is a bioplastic resin pellet developed by GC researchers using PLA and BioPBS bioplastic products, which are in the GC Group, and further developed to be used in a wide variety of applications such as film, injection, extrusion and punching, and thermoformed parts. Bio compound is also capable of being used in biobased and compostable plastics.

Outstanding properties of PlastMate bio compound resin:

  • 1. Containing renewable carbon
  • 2. Compliance with Food and Drug Administration (FDA) specifications
  • 3. Potentially industrial compostable related to ISO17088 under controlled conditions according to the preliminary study. Fully test and compost certificates are being processed.
  • 4. Able to use existing mold and LDPE machine for film and PP/PS machine for Injection application.
  • 5. Suitable for food packaging

Application of PlastMate Bio compound:

  • 1. Injection

    PL34002J: General propose

    PL03404J: High heat resistance

  • 2. Film

    PB05001F: General propose

เม็ดไบโอพลาสติกของ PlastMate

GC Bioplastics Converter

ผลิตภัณฑ์ไบโอพลาสติก พลาสติกชีวภาพ GC
Company Name Product Brand Website Link
CPPC Paper Coating Cup and Bucket OEM Click
DD Paper Cup Paper Coating Cup OEM Click
KMP Paper Coating Cup KMP Green/ Green Goods / OEM Click
ThaiKK Paper Coating OEM Click
ผลิตภัณฑ์ไบโอพลาสติก พลาสติกชีวภาพของ GC
Company Name Product Brand Website Link
B&B straw Drinking straw OPURE / OEM Click
BD straw Drinking straw OEM Click
Highland Drinking straw OEM Click
JT Pack of Foods Drinking straw BIOPLANT Click
Thantawan Drinking straw SUN Bio / OEM Click
ผลิตภัณฑ์ไบโอพลาสติกของผู้ผลิต GC
Company Name Product Brand Website Link
Thai Nam Shopping bag Bio Sure/OEM Click
ผลิตภัณฑ์ไบโอพลาสติกของ GC
Company Name Product Brand Website Link
JT Pack of Foods Cutlery BIOPLANT Click
S.P.K.Plastic (Teamplas Group) Cutlery Leafz Click
Top Trend Manufacturing Cutlery BLeaf Click
BioEco Food service ware packaging Bio-Eco Click

GC Compostable Label


Produced from bioplastics resin and compostable

What is GC Compostable ?

GC is committed to developing products that are environmentally friendly and compostable. The compostability is based on ASTM D6400, EN 13432 or ISO 17088 standards to promote increased awareness among consumers and create a positive brand image for GC’s customers (including convertors and brand owners) that use GC’s bioplastics raw material products with their high standards, to produce bioplastics products. GC created a label certifying that the manufacturers’ products and packaging use compostable bioplastics pellets from GC Group.

This demonstrates a commitment to developing environmentally friendly products, builds confidence, and highlights innovation, which can increase the value of the product or packaging. These labels are for the exclusive use of GC’s end manufacturers to help communicate the benefits of their products and packaging in the market, as well as for other marketing communications purposes. This can support their marketing goals.

ฉลากผลิตภัณฑ์ GC Compostable Plastic คือ


  1. To support government policies to reduce environmental concerns and global warming problems.
  2. - To promote customer awareness of products or packaging that use compostable materials or have special qualifications certified by GC Group.
  3. To promote the image of project participants or product owners in the use of eco-friendly raw material products or packaging.
  4. To increase opportunities for project participants or product owners to develop products or packaging to meet market needs.
  5. - To create business partnerships between suppliers, manufacturers and distributors.

GC Compostable Label Standard

This label identifies a product or packaging produced from compostable plastic. A product or packaging with the GC Compostable Label shows that the material is produced and certified by GC Group. GC’s bioplastic resin is certified under the following national and international standards:

  1. United States standard - ASTM D6400
  2. European standard - En 13432
  3. International standard - ISO 17088
มาตรฐานที่ใช้รับรองฉลาก GC Compostable Plastic คือ

Directory of Brands with Registered GC Compostable Labels

Logo Brand Product Company Name Website Link
Cafe Amazon PTT Oil and Retail Business Public Company Limited Click
Cafe Amazon PTT Oil and Retail Business Public Company Limited Click
Cafe Amazon PTT Oil and Retail Business Public Company Limited Click
Cafe Amazon PTT Oil and Retail Business Public Company Limited Click
Dear Tummy Intermart (Thailand) Company Limited Click
AIS Advanced Info Services Public Company Limited Click
Leafz Teamplas Chemical Company Limited Click
BIO SURE Thai Nam Group Click
JT Pack of Foods JT Pack of Foods Company Limited Click
OPURE Opure Thailand Company Limited Click
Bio-eco Bio-Eco Company Limited Click
kmp K. M. Packaging Company Limited Click
DD Paper Cup D.D.Papercup Company Limited Click
DD Paper Cup D.D.Papercup Company Limited Click
Dairy Home Dairy Home Compamy Limited Click
GoodAge Lion (Thailand) Company Limited Click
Doi Kham Doi Kham Food Products Company Limited Click

Project and Campaign

Biobased Label

จุดเริ่มต้นของผลิตภัณฑ์ไบโอพลาสติก จุดเริ่มต้นของผลิตภัณฑ์ไบโอพลาสติก
GC Biobased 20-50%
GC Biobased 50-85%
GC Biobased >85%

Can Be

  1. Attached to bioplastics products which are compostable to promote value of using bioplastics (upstream to downstream)
  2. Presented with biobased but non-compostable products to build awareness for bioplastics products


  1. All products using biobased plastics: our goal is to promote biobased durables and non-compostable packaging and bottles, including durable products and BioPET bottles


  1. BioPBS, PLA, Bio PET: neat resin and compounding with both other bioplastics and conventional plastics

How to Validate the Biobased Content

No agency has issued a certification mark for Biobased Products. The only agency that provides C-14 measurement testing services is the National Institute of Nuclear Technology (Public Organization) or TINT.